OUTILS DE COMMUNICATION :


Hello !!!

C'est quoi les notions et fonctions ????
En tout cas c'est à apprendre par coeur ... et à utiliser aussi ...

[ Consultez également la rubrique "grammaire" pour bien utiliser certaines notions. ]


EXPRIMER SES GOÛTS :






AIMER :               

To love + BVing / GN.  (adorer / aimer)                                                                                                                                                     
To adore + BVing / GN.  (adorer)                                                         
To like + BVing / GN.  (aimer)
To enjoy + BVing / GN.  (apprécier)
To fancy + BVing / GN.                                                       
To be keen on + BVing /GN.                                                             
To be fond of + BVing / GN.                                                               
To be mad / crazy about + BVing /GN.  (être fou de ) 
That's fantastic ! Great !
Terrific! Super!                                                     
                                                               
NE PAS AIMER:

To hate + BVing /GN.
To detest + BVing / GN.
To loathe + BVing /GN.
To resent + BVing /GN.
To dislike + BVing /GN.
Can't stand / bear + BVing / GN. (je ne supporte pas)
Can't put up with + BVing/ GN. (je ne supporte pas)               

ÊTRE INDIFFÈRENT :

I don't mind + BVing. (Ca ne me gêne pas de)
As you like.
It doesn't matter. (Ca n'a pas d'importance)
Why not ?
I don't care. (Je m'en fou.)
So what? (Et alors ?)

PREFERER :

I prefer BVing to BVing.
I prefer to +BV / BVing.
I'd rather BV than BV ( je préfèrerais ça à ça.)
I'd rather you + BV (preterit modal) (Je préfèrerais que tu ...)
I feel more like BVing than BVing. (J'ai plus envie de ... que de....)
Instead of + BVing ( au lieu de)
I like it better / best.

DÉSIRER VOULOIR :


DÉSIRS ET SOUHAITS :

I would like (you) to + Bv.
I'd love (you) to + BV.
I feel like + BVing. (J'ai envie de )
I hope to + BV. (J'espère)
I wish (I) + preterit modal.
If only (I) + preterit modal.
To be looking foward to + BVing. (avoir hâte de)
To dream of + BVing / GN.
To be dying for + GN

INTENTION :

I want to + BV.
I am going to + Bv.
I am BVing.
I am thinking of + BVing. (J'envisage de)
I am about to + BV. (Je suis sur le point de)
I plan / intend / mean / aim to + BV.
I have decided to.

DÉTERMINATION:

I will +BV.
This is what ...
I am definitely BVing.
I am determined (not) to + BV.

D'ACCORD / PAS D'ACCORD.


I agree (with)
So do I / Neither do I. (Moi aussi / Moi non plus)  [ attention au choix de l'auxiliaire !!!]
I do too ! I don't either ! (Moi aussi / Moi non plus)
I think you are right.
That's true.
That is exactly how I see it. (C'est exactement ainsi que je le conçois.)
Absolutely, definitely.
Of course !
Exactly ! Sure !

I disagree (with).
I don't agree (with).
I don't think so. (Je ne pense pas.)
I think you are wrong.
On the contrary ...
It can't be true !
Definitely not !
Nonsense !
This is ridiculous !
That's not how I see it !
That's wrong.
Don't be silly !
You must be joking !

DONNER SON OPINION :


To my mind ...  / in my view...  (à mon avis)
As for me ... (quant à moi)
From my point of view ...
As far as I am concerned ...
It seems to me that
I think / feel / believe that ...
Personally ...
In my opinion ...
I can't help thinking that ... ( Je ne peux m'empêcher de penser que)
I am convinced that ... (Je suis convaincu que)
My feeling is that ...

REGRETS ET REPROCHES :


REGRETTER :

Unfortunately (malheureusement)
I am sorry I + BV
Excuse me / forgive me for + BVing.
I regret + BVing.
I shouldn't have + participe passé
If only I had (not) + PP
I wish I had (not) + pp
Why didn't I + BV ?
How stupid / What a stupid idea !
Sorry, my mistake.

REPROCHER :

You shouldn't + Bv
You should / could have + PP
Why didn't you + BV ?
I wish you + preterit modal
I wish you hadn't + pp
If only you hadn't + pp
How could you + BV ?
What a shame !

SE PLAINDRE :

I can't stand / bear him / that / BVing any longer !
I've had enough of BVing / GN. ( j'en ai assez de)
I am sick / tired of + BVing / GN
I am fed up with + BVing (j'en ai marre de)
It gets on my nerves !
How boring ! What a boring idea !
This is the limit !
It makes me sick!
It drives me mad !
Give me a break ! ( laisse moi tranquille)
I can't take any more ! (Je n'en peux plus)

AGIR SUR AUTRUI :


CONSEILLER :

How / what about + Bving ?
Why not + Bv ?
Why don't you + BV ?
You could + Bv / Couldn't you + BV ?
If I were you, I would (not) + BV
You'd better not + BV ( tu ferais bien de (ne pas) )
You should / shouldn't + BV ( tu devrais /ne devrais pas)
You ought / oughtn't to + Bv (tu devrais / ne devrais pas)
I suggest you + Bv

PROPOSER :

How / what about + BVing ?
Why don't we + BV ?
We could / should + BV
Couldn't we + BV ?
I suggest + BVing
Would you like to + BV ?
Let's + BV !
Will you + BV ?
Have a drink !

ORDONNER :

I want you to + BV
You have / have got to + BV
You must + BV
Will you BV !
L'impératif : Be quiet ! Don't speak !
Stop + BVing

DEMANDER :

Can / could you + BV ?
Will / would you + BV ?
I'd like you to + BV
Would you mind + Bving ?

ACCEPTER :

Why not ?
Ok / All right / Sure.
Yes I will / can ...
Yes, of course !
That's a great idea !
I'd be pleased / happy to + BV
That would be lovely / super / great ...
Fine !  / Fantastic !

REFUSER :

No, thank you ! / No, thanks.
I'd rather not. (Je ne préfère pas)
I refuse to + BV
No you can't !
It's not possible !
It's out of question !
Definitely not ! / Surely not !
No way ! (Pas question !)
What do you take me for ? (Tu me prends pour quoi ?)

FAIRE FAIRE :

I want you to + BV
I will have / make + GN + BV.

COMPARER :


SIMILITUDE :

It is the same ... as ...
It's similar to ...
It's identical ...
As if / as though ... (comme si)
Like + GN
As + proposition subordonnée
Compared to / with ...
On the one hand ... on the other hand ... (d'une part ... d'autre part ...)

OPPOSITION / DIFFERENCE :

It's different from ...
Unlike + GN
But
whereas (tandis que)
While (alors que)
On the contrary ...
Contrary to ...

POUVOIR ET DEVOIR :


Pensez à consulter la fiche de grammaire sur les modaux pour connaître leur emploi. Il y a une deuxième fiche sur les modaux et l'expression de la probabilité.




CAPACITÉ :

Can / could + BV
To be able to + BV
To succeed in + BV-ing (réussir à)
To manage to + BV (réussir)
To be capable of + BV-ing
To know how to + BV (savoir comment)
It's possible / easy for me to +BV

INCAPACITÉ :

Can't ( cannot) / couldn't
To be (not) able to +BV
To be unable to + BV (être incapable de)
To be incapable of +BV-ing
It's impossible for me to +BV
I can't help + BV-ing  (je ne peux pas m'empêcher de)

OBLIGATION :

Must + BV
Have to + Bv
Have got to + BV
I need to + BV
To be obliged to +BV
To be forced to + Bv
To be compelled to + BV (être obligé de)
It is necessary to + BV

ABSENCE D'OBLIGATION :

Needn't + BV
Don't /doesn't need to + BV (ça n'est pas la peine de)
Don't /doesn't have to + BV
Haven't /hasn't got to + BV
It's not necessary for you to + BV
Do as you like / wish.  (Fais comme tu veux)

PERMISSION :

Can + BV
May + BV [ plus poli que "can"]
To be allowed to + BV (avoir l'autorisation de)
She lets me... ( elle me laisse ...)
Do you mind if ... ?
Is it ok if ...?

INTERDICTION :

Cannot + BV
Mustn't + BV
May not + BV
To be (not) allowed to + BV
To be (not) supposed to + BV (ne pas être sensé)
It is forbidden / prohibited to + BV
You are forbidden to + Bv
BV-ing is forbidden
You are not to + Bv ! (Vous ne devez pas)
I won't let you + Bv  (Je ne vous laisserai pas)
Out of question ! / No way !

LES MOTS DE LIAISON : 


Link words

Les mots de liaison + expression pour l'expression écrite.



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